Diabetes Cardiovascular disorders: The silent killer
Diet and nutrition are important factors in the promotion and maintenance of good health throughout the entire life course.
Statistics states that lifestyle diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases are on an alarming rise worldwide. It has been projected that, by 2020, chronic diseases will account for almost three-quarters of all deaths worldwide, and that 71% of deaths due to heart disease , 75% of deaths due to stroke, and 70% of deaths due to diabetes. The number of people with diabetes will increase by more than 2.5-fold, from 84 million in 1995 to 228 million in 2025.
People with diabetes are two to three times more likely to have cardiovascular disease than people without diabetes. High levels of blood glucose can make the blood coagulation/clotting system more active, increasing the risk of blood clots. Diabetes is also associated with high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which lead to increased risk of cardiovascular complications.
Physical inactivity or sedentary lifestyles coupled with stress, smoking etc are the main causes for these lifestyle diseases. The current prevalence of overweight or obesity is growing and is a matter of grave concern for these lifestyle diseases.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO ), non-communicable diseases are estimated to be around 53% of all deaths in India, out of which Cardiac disorders / heart ailments have a major share of 24%.